James B. Duke Professor of Surgery
DegreesBS University of Rochester, MD Duke
Brown was a blood banking and transfusion expert, an early open-heart surgeon, and inventor of the heat and blood exchanger, a forerunner of the heart-lung machine that controlled a surgical patient's temperature. He was also the unofficial historian of the 65th General Hospital, a WWII field unit comprised of Duke medicine staff, where Brown helped establish the only blood bank in the European theater. He also designed and built Duke's hyperbaric chamber for studying blood gases and was the first surgeon to implant a cardiac pacemaker at Duke. More on Dr. Brown in the Medical Archives
Ivan W. Brown Jr.
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