In the mid-2000s, Pinar Yoldas spent three years at UCLA pursuing an M.F.A. in design and media arts. While there, her typical trek to campus was an hour-long bike ride from East Hollywood to Westwood along Santa Monica Boulevard.
“Every time I did this, I was literally inhaling the smog,” says Yoldas, a Ph.D. candidate in art, art history, and visual studies at Duke. “I kept thinking about this and ways to protect myself, and being angry at car drivers.”